(there have recently been some changes to this information, so for the most recent charts, go to tica.org)
TICA was founded as a Genetic Registry. One of the goals of TICA is to to register and track the progress of new breeds and to establish a registration system which correctly shows the progression from the parent breeds to the new breed reaching Championship. This is a daunting task, and the system has undergone changes and tweaks in the intervening years.
TICA has several separate Code systems used to track breed development.
The "Studbook" Codes are for cats that have no unregistered or unknown cats, nor cats of a different breed within the standard three-generation pedigree. Cats tracked in the Studbook will have a three digit prefix that begins with "SB". When people talk about "Registered" cats, usually they are referring to Studbook cats.
The Hybridization Record Codes tracks cats that are the product of two separate breeds. Normally this would occur during the development of a new breed, such as the breeding of a Burmese and a Siamese to create Tonkinese, or breeding an Abyssinian, American Shorthair and a Siamese to create an Ocicat. Later I will show two charts used to calculate the Registration numbers. The Hybridization Registry Codes are on the "Different Breeds" Chart. Cats tracked by the Hybridization Record Codes will have registration numbers which begin with an A, B or C.
The Ancestry Record Codes are used for cats that are the product of unregistered parents. Sometimes a breeder happens on an unregistered cat or a cat of unknown parentage which he feels offers something to his breeding program. The breeder can submit a form called the "Foundation Individual Registration form" and as part of the process request three Allbreed Judges examine the cat and declare that it sufficiently meets the breed standard to be considered a cat of the breed. Cats tracked by the Ancestry Record Codes have registration numbers which begin with an "O". Recently there has developed the practice of registering a totally unknown cat as a Domestic Shorthair, and giving it the code O1T. In this case, the cat isn't considered to be part of the breed, but is simply an "Experimental". The papers will bear the label "For use in the XXXXX breeding program".
How it works:
A TICA registration number will look like this:
SBT 013005 001
The first three characters are the Registration Prefix.
The following 6 characters represent the cat's birthday...mmddyy, or in this instance, Jan 30, 2005.
The last three digits represent the order of the cats that were registered on that's cat's birthday. This example would be for the first cat that was registered on Jan 30, 2005. If there were three other cats in the litter, most likely they would be 002, 003 and 004. The Prefix and the Birthday would be the same for all the kittens in the litter.
Permissibility and Non-Permissibility. When developing a new breed TICA requires that the breeders of the new breed submit a breeding program. This will consist of breeds "Permissible" for use in the new breed. This program must be accepted by the Genetics Committee and then voted on and either accepted or rejected by the TICA Board of Directors in a regular meeting.
Cats that are the result of cats that are permissible for the breeding program will carry a "P" in their registration number. Cats that are bred from cats that are not permissible for a breeding program will carry a "N". The "N" or "P" will be the third character in the three character Registration Prefix.
Different Species. Cats that are the product of breeding a cat of a different species, such as a Jungle Cat, Serval or Asian Leopard Cat will have an "S" in the third position of the registration code until the "S" falls off the three generation pedigree.
A shortcoming of the Registration Code system as it's now employed is that sometimes there will be two active forces driving the third character of the Registration Prefix. For instance the cat can be a "S" and also an "N". The "S" will take precedence over the N. but when the "S" falls off the three generation pedigree, it's possible that the "N" will still be there. You will have to check the three generation pedigree to see what the breeds of the ancestor cats are, and where they are on the pedigree.
More about Hybridization...or breeding different breeds:
The "Different Breeds" chart is at the end of this section. Follow the examples using this chart. Notice that there are codes across the top, and down the left side. If you find a cat's code across the top, and then find the code of its mate down the left side, where the two lines intersect will be the code of the kittens resulting from the breeding. To make it easier, the chart has highlights to trace the potential mating. As long as you are breeding to a different breed than the breed you are developing, you will use this chart, and the kittens will have an "A" as the first letter of the Status Code. The middle number will tell you how many generations you have been breeding this particular line. For instance, a Serval bred to a Permissible female will give you an A1S, and it will also be a "P", but the code as it exists now doesn't show that, unless you use the model A1S(P), which isn't accepted by TICA.
If you breed to another permissible male for the second generation, the kitten will be A2S(P). Breeding to yet another permissible male gives you an A3S(P). If you breed a fourth generation using a permissible male, the cat will be an AOP. The A means that you are still breeding to males that aren't from the breed in question, the O means that all cats in the three generation pedigree are registered, domestic cats, and the P means that they all are Permissible.
"00" as a Registration Prefix refers to a cat of a different species, which TICA doesn't register directly. It will show them on the pedigrees, but there is no mechanism where TICA tracks them. If the cat is a purebred cat of a species...for instance, an Asian Leopard Cat or Serval which only has cats of it's own species in the pedigree, then the prefix will be 00T. The "T" means only the breed in question within a three generation pedigree. Notice that 00 and 00 are blacked out...that is because we can't track "same breeds on this chart. But, it would be an 00, if you are wondering.
If you breed an SBT cat of one breed to an SBT cat of another breed, the resulting code would be AO. The O means that there are only registered cats in this cat's three generation pedigree. The "A" means that they are of different breeds. If the cats in question are Permissible for the breed in question, then the third character in the Registration Prefix would be "P" , as in "AOP". If one of the cats is not Permissible, then the Registration Prefix would be "AON". However, to take this a step further, if you are creating a breed which requires that you use cats from Breed A and Breed B, but you use a cat from Breed C, then it would be AON, but it would not be the breed you are creating...instead it would be designated "Experimental". TICA permits you to do this.
For an example, if you are breeding Bengals and want to introduce a new color, such as Silver, you could breed an Asian Leopard Cat to an SBT Silver American Shorthair. American Shorthairs are not Permissible for use in a Bengal program, so the kitten would be an A1S Experimental "For use in the Bengal Program". If you immediately bred the A1S to an SBT Bengal, then you would get an A2S Bengal.
Now you have to track the progress on the "Same Breeds Chart". An A2S Bengal bred to an SBT Bengal would give you B3S Bengal. The B means that you are now breeding within the same breed, and the 3 means 3 generations back to the "S" cat. If you breed two "B"s or a "B" to an SBT, then you get a COP. The C means three generations breeding within the Breed, and the P means that the three generations are Permissible. And a COP to an SBT gives you an SBT, and the silver cat you are breeding for is now "Studbook". This doesn't necessarily mean that it's eligible for Championship...to be eligible for Championship the breed has to be approved by the Board of Directors and meet other requirements.
If, in the above example you bred an SBT Bengal to the ALC, you would save a generation because you would start off with a Permissible cat and the ALC is permissible for Bengal.
If you are breeding an SBT cat of a Permissible breed to a Serval, to create a Savannah, the registration prefix would be A1S. The A means the cats are of different breeds, and the S means that one of the cats in the pedigree is of a different species. the 1 means that the cat of a different species is one generation back...a parent. Because both cats are permissible for the Savannah program, there is a "P" behind the "S". Sometimes this is shown as A1S(P). If you breed the A1S(P) queen to another permissible stud, you would get an A2S(P) offspring. If you continued, using only Permisssibles, then you would next get an A3S(P) and the next mating would be an AOP.
Previously, the example was given in the Ancestral Registry Section where an unregistered cat can be registered as a cat of a breed. If you have an Oriental Shorthair that was never registered you can file the Foundation Cat Certification Form, and have the cat registered as an Oriental Shorthair. It would be an 01T Oriental Shorthair. You can do the same thing if you have a Domestic Shorthair which is not of any breed, or is mixed breeds and you wish to register it for use in a breeding program. In this case the cat does not have to be handled by three Allbreed Judges, and it would be registered as an "Experimental" for use in the specified Breeding Program. It would not be the breed. It would also be a 01T. Even though "Experimental" isn't a breed, you would use the "Different Breeds" chart when you use it in your program.
The Chart below is for use when you breed cats of the same breed together. There are several situations where you can have registered cats that aren't SBT.
First, you can have the situation where you have a "found" cat of unknown parentage and you do the Foundation Cat Certification Form and get the cat accepted as a Foundation Cat of your breed. Once it has been evaluated and accepted, it has a registration number of O1T. In order for it to be accepted, it much complete match the standard for your breed, be a typical color, etc.
If you breed your O1T to an SBT of your breed, the next generation will be O2T. Continuing this, you would get an O3T, and the next generation would be SBT.
SB means that all the unregistered cats or cats of unknown parentage have fallen off the three generation pedigree, and the cat meets all the requirements to be Studbook. There will never be an SBN or SBP....at SB you just have the breed.
Breeding a "C" cat to another "C" cat doesn't always mean that the next generation will be SB. If you have a BO and you breed it to a O1T, then the next generation will be C2. C2 then bred to a CO or a C2 gives you an O3. Then, the O3 bred to a C3, A CO or an SB will give you an SB. The chart shows "C1" as a possibility, but I haven't been able to determine how you would ever get a C1.
If you are developing a new breed through Hybridization, and you breed two "A" cats together, or an "A" to a "B" or "C", then you are breeding Same Breed, and would use the Same Breeds chart.
The only other info that can be added to this has to do with Breed Groups. Not all breeds have breed groups. A Breed Group consists of several breeds that can all be produced by breeding members of the breed group, and the breed of the kittens will be determined by certain features. For instance, a Balinese is a long haired Siamese. A Balinese bred to a Siamese may have either Balinese or Siamese kittens. If you get a Siamese from this breeding, the SB code will be SBV, and not SBT. SBT means that all cats in the three generation pedigree are Traditional, true to the Breed. The Balinese is registered, and it's SB, but the V means Variant, and means that there's a legal, registered cat of another breed but of the breed group in the three generation pedigree.
Some breed groups are: Persian, Himalayan, Exotic Shorthair; Manx, Cymrics; Oriental Shorthair, Oriental Longhair, Siamese and Balinese. There are other breed groups.
If you have a question about these charts, I'll try to help sort it out. You may email me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Copyright by Jim Smith, 2005.
All rights reserved.